Indian Himalayan Cave Painting could be the First Record of a Supernova

The engraving on the bare stone near the Himalayas, in the Kashmir region (India), in the sixties, seemed like a common scene: two hunters, a bull in the center. The only particularity is the sun emanating rays.

According to the BBC, it was that detail that made a team of Indian and German astronomers doubt. After an exhaustive analysis, the astronomers of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in India determined that the sun with rays was actually the oldest description of the dramatic final explosion that occurs when a star dies, that is, a supernova.

According to the study published in the Indian Journal of History of Science, the painting could not be two suns, nor a moon and sun. “Given the proximity between the two.

The moon should have been in a partial phase and therefore would not look so bright,” astronomer Mayank Vahia, an astronomer at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, told the BBC.

The engraving dates from the year 4,500 BC, so it had to have been an object bright enough to stand out from other events in the sky. The supernovas, which release an amount of energy equivalent to millions of atomic bombs, fit.

There are several explanations for that literary production. Cave says that it is the result of his work routine: when he is not on tour, he goes daily to an apartment that functions as an office.

Where he closes from nine in the morning to five in the afternoon. However, some intimates think that still needs to prove something to his, a professor of English literature who regretted that his son was dedicated to rock.

Particularly one, the HB9 supernova, which according to the calculations of astronomers, exploded around the date attributed to rock painting.

According to the BBC, the supernova also exploded just above the constellation of Taurus, the bull, which also appears in the drawing.

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